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Table 2 Examples of recent environmental and health problems with toxic cyanobacteria

From: Cyanobacteria toxins in the Salton Sea

Toxin/Organism Problem Reference
Microcystins (organism unknown) Associated with deaths of Eared Grebes-Salton Sea, Calif. [28]
Anatoxin-a(s) (Anabaena sp) Death of Crested Grebe, Black-necked Grebe, Coot, domestic ducks and geese Denmark and USA [29]
[30]
Microcystin (organism unknown) Net-Pen liver disease of Mari-cultured Atlantic Salmon: British Columbia, Canada and Washington, USA [14]
Carmichael (unpubl. data)
Microcystin (organism unknown) Intestinal lesions of mari-cultured penniped shrimp: Hawaii, USA and Columbia, South America Carmichael (unpublished)
Microcystin (organism unknown) Acute lethal liver disease of aqua-cultured stripped bass: California, USA Carmichael (unpublished)
Microcystin (organism unknown) Acute lethal liver disease of aqua-cultured pond-raised catfish: Mississippi USA [31]
Microcystins (Microcystis aeruginosa) Acute non-lethal toxicity in natural populations of trout and carp: England and Australia. [32]
[33]
Microcystins At least 52 human fatalities from use of contaminated municipal water in a hemodialysis clinic: Pernambuco, Brazil [6]
[34]
Microcystins Great Blue Heron mortalities [12]