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Table 1 Strains isolated from ordinary soil samples on agar plates containing 20% NaCl.

From: Endospores of halophilic bacteria of the family Bacillaceae isolated from non-saline Japanese soil may be transported by Kosa event (Asian dust storm)

Strain No. Sampling site Pig. NaCl (M) pH Similarity Tentatively assigned to
    Range Optimum Range Optimum (%)  
3 Omiya, S - 0.9–2.6 0.9–1.7 6.5–10.0 8.5–9.5 100 B. haloalkaliphilus (AJ238041)
12 Showa, S - 0.9–4.3 1.7–2.6 6.5–10.0 8.5–9.5 100 B. haloalkaliphilus
27 Takasaki, G - 1.7–3.4 1.7–2.6 6.5–10.0 8.5–9.5 100 B. haloalkaliphilus
29 Kamagaya, C - 1.7–4.3 1.7–2.6 6.5–10.0 8.5–9.5 100 B. haloalkaliphilus
1 Wako, S - 0.9–4.3 1.7–2.6 6.5–10.0 8.5–9.5 99.8 B. haloalkaliphilus
28 Sakado, S - 1.7–2.6 1.7–2.6 6.5–10.0 8.5–9.5 99.8 B. haloalkaliphilus
7 Higashichichibu, S - 0.9–1.7 0.9–1.7 6.5–10.0 8.5–9.5 99.6 B. haloalkaliphilus
8 Higashichichibu, S - 0.9–2.6 0.9–1.7 6.5–10.0 8.5–9.5 99.6 B. haloalkaliphilus
2 Yachiyo, C - 0–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–10.0 8.5–9.5 98.4 B. haloalkaliphilus
18 Kawagoe, S - 0.9–4.3 1.7–2.6 6.5–10.0 8.5–9.5 98.0 B. haloalkaliphilus
31 Okabe, S - 0–3.4 1.7–2.6 6.5–10.0 6.5–7.5 97.2 F. milosensis (AJ238042)
19 Wako, S - 0.9–4.3 1.7–2.6 6.5–10.0 8.5–9.5 94.0 F. milosensis
9 Shiki, S - 0–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–10.0 6.5–7.5 96.1 G. halotolerans (AB101591)
17 Urawa, S - 0–4.3 0.9–1.7 6.5–10.0 8.5–9.5 91.4 B. agaradhaerens (X76445)
22 Kawagoe, S - 1.7–4.3 1.7–2.6 6.5–10.0 8.5–9.5 88.8 H. trueperi (AJ310149)
14 Kawagoe, S Y 0.9–3.4 1.7–2.6 6.5–10.0 8.5–9.5 88.7 H. trueperi
13 Kawagoe, S Y 0.9–3.4 1.7–2.6 6.5–10.0 8.5–9.5 88.2 H. trueperi
25 Okegawa, S - 1.7–3.4 1.7–2.6 6.5–10.0 8.5–9.5 88.0 H. trueperi
10 Tsurugashima, S B 1.7–2.6 1.7–2.6 6.5–10.0 8.5–9.5 88.0 'B. nitritophilus' (AJ309562)
11 Showa, S Y 0–3.4 1.7–2.6 6.5–10.0 8.5–9.5 87.8 'B. nitritophilus'
16 Iruma, S B 1.7–3.4 1.7–2.6 6.5–10.0 8.5–9.5 87.7 'B. nitritophilus'
4 Matsubushi, S - 1.7–4.3 1.7–2.6 6.5–10.0 8.5–9.5 87.5 'B. nitritophilus'
21 Omiya, S B 1.7–4.3 1.7–2.6 6.5–10.0 8.5–9.5 87.5 'B. nitritophilus'
15 Omiya, S B 1.7–3.4 1.7–2.6 6.5–10.0 8.5–9.5 87.3 'B. nitritophilus'
5 Kawasaki, K B 1.7–4.3 1.7–2.6 6.5–10.0 8.5–9.5 86.9 'B. nitritophilus'
24 Soka, S - 0–4.3 0.9–1.7 6.5–10.0 8.5–9.5 86.9 'B. nitritophilus'
30 Okabe, S - 1.7–4.3 1.7–2.6 6.5–10.0 8.5–9.5 87.3 'Pc. psychrotoleratus' (AF324659)
61 Omiya, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 97.3 F. milosensis (AJ238042)
66 Koga, I - 0–2.6 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 97.1 F. milosensis
173 Tsurugashima, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 97.1 F. milosensis
106 Showa, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 97.0 F. milosensis
112 Yachiyo, C - 0–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 97.0 F. milosensis
113 Yachiyo, C Y 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 97.0 F. milosensis
117 Niiza, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 97.0 F. milosensis
168 Tsurugashima, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 97.0 F. milosensis
176 Kawagoe, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 97.0 F. milosensis
70 Okegawa, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.9 F. milosensis
105 Kashiwa, C - 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.9 F. milosensis
116 Niiza, S Y 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.9 F. milosensis
172 Ageo, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.9 F. milosensis
69 Kitamoto, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.7 F. milosensis
170 Asaka, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.7 F. milosensis
60 Kasukabe, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.5 F. milosensis
185 Urawa, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.4 F. milosensis
74 Hanyu, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.3 G. halotolerans (AB101591)
75 Hanyu, S - 0–2.6 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.3 G. halotolerans
76 Katsushika, T - 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.3 G. halotolerans
102 Omiya, S - 0–2.6 0–0.9 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.3 G. halotolerans
72 Kawagoe, S - 0–2.6 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.1 G. halotolerans
77 Katsushika, T - 0–3.4 1.7–2.6 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 94.8 H. karajensis (AJ486874)
51 Okegawa, S - 0–3.4 1.7–2.6 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 100 H. litoralis (X94558)
54 Fujimi, S - 0–3.4 0.9–2.6 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 100 H. litoralis
92 Fujimi, S Y 0.9–2.6 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 100 H. litoralis
188 Ageo, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 100 H. litoralis
195 Fujimi, S - 0–4.3 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 99.5 H. litoralis
200 Kawagoe, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 99.4 H. litoralis
91 Itabashi, T - 0.9–3.4 0.9–2.6 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 98.8 H. litoralis
130 Sakado, S - 0.9–2.6 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 98.8 H. litoralis
196 Urawa, S Y 0–3.4 0.9–1.7 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 98.6 H. litoralis
152 Kawagoe, S - 0–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 97.2 H. litoralis
136 Urawa, S - 0–3.4 1.7–2.6 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 97.0 H. litoralis
97 Higashichichibu, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.7 H. litoralis
154 Ina, S - 0–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.6 H. litoralis
78 Shiki, S - 0–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.4 H. litoralis
132 Urawa, S - 0–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.4 H. litoralis
180 Toda, S - 0.9–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.4 H. litoralis
107 Showa, S Y 0–3.4 0.9–2.6 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.3 H. litoralis
143 Nerima, T - 0–3.4 0.9–1.7 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.3 H. litoralis
162 Kawagoe, S - 0–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.3 H. litoralis
86 Wako, S - 0–2.6 0.9–2.6 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.2 H. litoralis
88 Fujimi, S - 0–3.4 0.9–2.6 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.2 H. litoralis
119 Toride, I - 0.9–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.2 H. litoralis
131 Iruma, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.2 H. litoralis
133 Urawa, S - 0.9–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.2 H. litoralis
164 Ota, T - 0.9–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.2 H. litoralis
192 Tama, T - 0–4.3 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.2 H. litoralis
55 Wako, S - 0–3.4 0.9–2.6 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.1 H. litoralis
68 Okegawa, S - 0–3.4 1.7–2.6 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.1 H. litoralis
84 Higashimurayama, T Y 0–3.4 0.9–2.6 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.1 H. litoralis
85 Toshima, T - 0–3.4 0.9–2.6 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.1 H. litoralis
95 Soka, S - 0–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.1 H. litoralis
100 Higashichichibu, S - 0–3.4 0.9–2.6 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.1 H. litoralis
104 Omiya, S Y 0–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.1 H. litoralis
124 Koto, T - 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.1 H. litoralis
144 Sakado, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.1 H. litoralis
145 Sakado, S - 0–4.3 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.1 H. litoralis
151 Tsurugashima, S - 0–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.1 H. litoralis
184 Yoshimi, S Y 0–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.1 H. litoralis
203 Omiya, S - 0.9–3.4 0.9–1.7 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.1 H. litoralis
56 Fujimi, S - 0.9–2.6 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.0 H. litoralis
62 Higashimatsuyama, S - 0–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.0 H. litoralis
65 Yachiyo, C - 0.9–2.6 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.0 H. litoralis
83 Nerima, T Y 0.9–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.0 H. litoralis
89 Fujimi, S - 0–3.4 0.9–2.6 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.0 H. litoralis
109 Kyowa, I Y 0–4.3 0.9–2.6 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.0 H. litoralis
120 Toride, I - 0.9–3.4 0.9–2.6 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.0 H. litoralis
128 Tsurugashima, S - 0–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.0 H. litoralis
146 Kawagoe, S - 0–2.6 0–0.9 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.0 H. litoralis
175 Tsurugashima, S - 0–4.3 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.0 H. litoralis
182 Niiza, S - 0.9–4.3 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.0 H. litoralis
189 Ageo, S - 0–2.6 0.9–1.7 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.0 H. litoralis
57 Itabashi, T - 0–3.4 0.9–2.6 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 95.9 H. litoralis
63 Nerima, T - 0–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 95.9 H. litoralis
110 Kyowa, I Y 0–3.4 0.9–2.6 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 95.9 H. litoralis
127 Tsurugashima, S - 0.9–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 95.9 H. litoralis
187 Koga, I - 0.9–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 95.9 H. litoralis
80 Koshigaya, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 95.8 H. litoralis
155 Omiya, S - 0–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 95.8 H. litoralis
166 Tsurugashima, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 95.8 H. litoralis
202 Omiya, S - 0.9–2.6 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 95.8 H. litoralis
59 Higashichichibu, S Y 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 95.7 H. litoralis
79 Shiki, S Y 0–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 95.7 H. litoralis
159 Omiya, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 95.7 H. litoralis
156 Omiya, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 95.6 H. litoralis
178 Urawa, S - 0–4.3 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 95.6 H. litoralis
165 Warabi, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 95.2 H. litoralis
52 Omiya, S Y 0–3.4 0.9–2.6 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 100 H. trueperi (AJ310149)
64 Shiki, S - 0.9–3.4 1.7–2.6 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 100 H. trueperi
67 Okegawa, S - 0.9–3.4 1.7–2.6 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 100 H. trueperi
82 Omiya, S - 1.7–2.6 1.7–2.6 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 100 H. trueperi
96 Soka, S - 0.9–3.4 1.7–2.6 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 100 H. trueperi
98 Higashimatsuyama, S Y 0–3.4 0.9–2.6 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 100 H. trueperi
99 Higashimatsuyama, S Y 0.9–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 100 H. trueperi
111 Kyowa, I - 0–3.4 0.9–1.7 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 100 H. trueperi
114 Shiki, S - 0.9–3.4 0.9–1.7 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 100 H. trueperi
118 Toride, I Y 0.9–2.6 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 100 H. trueperi
122 Urawa, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 100 H. trueperi
150 Tsurugashima, S Y 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 99.8 H. trueperi
181 Higashimatsuyama, S - 0–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 99.7 H. trueperi
157 Nagareyama, C - 0–4.3 1.7–2.6 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 99.6 H. trueperi
58 Kamagaya, C Y 0–3.4 0–0.9 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 99.5 H. trueperi
53 Kamagaya, C Y 0–3.4 0–0.9 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 99.4 H. trueperi
87 Kawasaki, K Y 0–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 99.3 H. trueperi
94 Soka, S - 0–3.4 0.9–2.6 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 99.3 H. trueperi
153 Warabi, S Y 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 99.2 H. trueperi
163 Kawagoe, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 99.2 H. trueperi
142 Kawagoe, S Y 0–3.4 0.9–1.7 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 99.0 H. trueperi
140 Urawa, S Y 0–4.3 0.9–2.6 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 98.9 H. trueperi
139 Urawa, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 98.6 H. trueperi
81 Kasukabe, S - 0–3.4 0.9–1.7 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 98.3 H. trueperi
129 Tsurugashima, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 98.3 H. trueperi
193 Wako, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 98.1 H. trueperi
90 Hatoyama, S - 1.7–2.6 1.7–2.6 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 97.1 H. trueperi
158 Nagareyama, C - 0.9–1.7 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.4 H. trueperi
108 Iwatsuki, S Y 1.7–3.4 1.7–2.6 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 100 L. salicampi (AY057394)
101 Omiya, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.0 P. ryukyuensis (AB087828)
174 Higashimatsuyama, S Y 0–4.3 0–0.9 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.0 P. ryukyuensis
177 Kamifukuoka, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 95.8 P. ryukyuensis
198 Kiyose, T - 0–3.4 0–0.9 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 95.6 P. ryukyuensis
169 Ageo, S - 0–4.3 0–0.9 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 95.5 P. ryukyuensis
121 Toride, I P 0.9–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 93.5 V. carmonensis (AJ316302)
141 Ranzan S - 0–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 99.9 V. halodenitrificans (AB021186)
148 Sakado, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 99.7 V. halodenitrificans
147 Matsubushi, S - 0–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 99.5 V. halodenitrificans
160 Fujioka, Tg - 0–3.4 0–0.9 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 94.4 V. halodenitrificans
137 Urawa, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 94.1 V. halodenitrificans
201 Omiya, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 100 V. marismortui (AJ009793)
126 Tsurugashima, S - 0–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 98.3 V. marismortui
123 Urawa, S - 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 97.3 V. marismortui
161 Tsurugashima, S P 0–3.4 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.9 V. picturae (AJ315060)
138 Urawa, S P 0.9–1.7 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.7 V. picturae
179 Urawa, S - 1.7–4.3 1.7–2.6 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 95.9 V. picturae
149 Ryugasaki, I - 0.9–2.6 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 95.8 V. picturae
134 Kamifukuoka, S P 0.9–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 95.4 V. picturae
135 Urawa, S P 0–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 95.1 V. picturae
73 Sakado, S - 1.7–4.3 1.7–2.6 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 88.4 B. agaradhaerens (X76445)
219 Kasukabe, S - 0–3.4 0.9–1.7 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 100 B. megaterium (AY553118)
216 Sekijo, I - 0–1.7 0–0.9 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 99.3 H. litoralis (X94558)
214 Sayama, S - 1.7–2.6 1.7–2.6 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.3 H. litoralis
211 Higashichichibu, S - 0–3.4 0.9–1.7 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 96.1 H. litoralis
213 Sekijo, I - 0–1.7 0–0.9 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 95.9 H. litoralis
215 Kawagoe, S - 0–4.3 0.9–1.7 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 95.9 H. litoralis
212 Sayama, S - 0–3.4 0.9–1.7 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 94.9 H. litoralis
218 Toride, I - 0–4.3 0–0.9 6.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 97.5 H. trueperi (AJ310149)
220 Hachioji, T - 0–3.4 0.9–1.7 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 100 V. halodenitrificans (AB021186)
217 Itabashi, T - 0–3.4 0–0.9 5.5–8.0 6.5–7.5 94.5 V. necropolis (AJ315056)
  1. Strains No. 1–31 isolated on alkaline medium (pH 9.0), strains No. 51–203 isolated on neutral medium (pH 7.0) and strains No. 211–220 isolated on acidic medium (pH 5.0). Abbreviations of prefectures: C, Chiba; G, Gunma; I, Ibaraki; K, Kanagawa; S, Saitama; T, Tokyo; Tg, Tochigi. Abbreviations of pigmentation:–, None; B, Brown; P, Pink; Y, Yellow. Abbreviations of generic names: B., Bacillus; F., Filobacillus; G., Gracilibacillus; H., Halobacillus; L., Lentibacillus; P., Paraliobacillus; Pc., Planococcus; V., Virgibacillus.